The full denture is a removable tooth replacement, which is nowadays used the most frequently for cases in which all the teeth have been lost. Not only the teeth but also the gums are replaced. The denture is supported by the mucous membrane bone. It is kept in place through the combined action of the facial muscles, the surface of the mucous membrane bone, the vacuum effect, chewing pressure and the force of gravity. The dentures are made from a special plastic material, but often contain metal parts.
If this special plastic dries out the denture can become deformed. For this reason it must always be kept moist. When you are not wearing it you should put it in a cleaning fluid or water. The teeth can only be made from plastic. If they were made from porcelain the denture would be too heavy and would not stay in place.
What is the function of a complete tooth replacement?
– To restore the ability to chew
– To improve the facial features that have changed due to the missing teeth
– To improve the appearance
– To prevent damage to the mandibular joint
– To prevent problems with speech and sound formation or to improve them
– To avoid or treat psychological problems caused by having no teeth
– To prevent the consequences of having no teeth
The process of preparing a full plate replacement:
The preparation of a denture is a long process, which requires several visits to the dentist. The procedure starts with a personal consultation, during which we discuss your dental problems and find out more about both your dental and general health condition.
We carefully examine the condition of both the mouth-cavity and the neck and head region. Following this thorough oral examination, we prepare the patients’ treatment plan together with them.
The first stage in the process is to take an impression, the so-called anatomical impression. This procedure can in rare cases cause some mild physical discomfort, but it is usually completely pain-free, so no anaesthetic is given.
When the anatomic impession is ready, a special spoon is also made, which is an impression spoon, which precisely fits the jaw bone of the patient. Using this special spoon we can take a very precise impression, which is indispensable for preparing full plate dentures.
During the patient`s second visit, we take another impression by using the individualized spoon. To prepare the so-called bite mould, you need to do so-called functional movements with your mouth, such as purse your lips, smile, swallow and move your tongue. When all the teeth are missing, the setting of the vertical and horizontal position of the jaw bones is done with the help of this mould, as well as the determination of the length and position of the false teeth. This is when we also agree about the colour of the replacement teeth. Then, the upper and lower moulds are fitted together and sent back to the laboratory, where we prepare your test denture, which you can already try at the next visit. Following this, our dentist checks the stability of the base plate, which has to be perfect in order for the denture to remain in place.
After this, the patient can also examine their tooth replacement. During the test we can modify the form, size and position of the teeth, according to your personal requirements, so it is important that the patient should check the denture very carefully.
We only order your final denture from the laboratory after we have agreed about this with you and you are totally satisfied with it.
We only consider our work finished when you are completely satisfied with the result. This is why we ask you to visit us for regular check-ups.