When not all the teeth are missing in a tooth camber, but there are not enough teeth remaining for the use of fixed replacements, we make use of the partial plate tooth replacement for improving the chewing function.
The partial plate replacement is a kind of dental device that takes up a larger place in the mouth than natural teeth, because it covers the jaw bone ridge where there are no teeth, (as well as replacing the teeth it also replaces the decayed bone) and the palate. Clips or precision instruments are used to anchor it.
The parts of the partial removable tooth replacement:
– Base plate: the part of the tooth replacement that touches the mucous gland bone.
– False tooth: its primary function is chewing, but it also has an aesthetic role and plays a part in voice production.
– Artificial gum: arranges the teeth in a unit and fixes them to the base plate.
– The anchoring instruments: these fix the replacement teeth to combat the forces that might move them.
The process of preparing the partial, removable tooth replacement:
The preparation of a denture is a lengthy process, which requires proper planning.
1. The process of preparing tooth replacements using a plate begins with the taking of an impression. From this impression, a plaster mould is made in the dental laboratory.
2. At the next visit we design the replacement teeth. We draw on the mould the contours of the denture and the position of the clips for the molars. Following this, the mould is sent to the laboratory, where the base plate for the replacement teeth is made.
3. At the next visit, we try out the base plate and if it is suitable, our dental technician will prepare a test denture. We then try out the test denture in the mouth and make repeated tests of its stability.
4. Following this we check the teeth and the artificial gum, its thickness, its aesthetic appearance and the position of the jaw bones.
5. Then, you yourself can examine the denture. At this stage we can still modify the shape of the teeth and their size and position to satisfy your requirements. We only make the final denture when you are completely satisfied with the result. You may at first experience difficulties with inserting and removing the new denture, so when we hand it over to you, we will show you what technique to use.
When using a new denture you may expect the following difficulties:
– you won’t be able to chew immediately, you’ll have to learn to do this again
– the denture sometimes puts pressure on the gums, which can cause pain. If this happens, consult us immediately and we will examine your denture and make any corrections necessary to the base plate.
there will be an increase in saliva production and in some cases a feeling of nausea, but both symptoms will cease within a few days.