When is a filling needed?
- if decay is found on any surface of the tooth (the dentist decides on this)
- if an existing filling is leaking, or there is decay between the edge of the filling and the tooth
- if an amalgam filling is more than ten years old, it should be replaced
- if the filling is broken
A filling is needed when the tooth enamel has been damaged. This is caused by bacteria that produce acid as a side-product when they break down sugar, fructose and glucose, which damages the surface of the teeth, which are sensitive to low PH levels. This is a chronic condition and is frequently accompanied by pain, inflammation and, in the most serious cases, the loss of the tooth.
Depending on the degree of tooth decay, the structure of the tooth can be restored in different ways:
- if only the dentine under the tooth enamel has been damaged, this can be remedied using a cosmetic filling
- if, however, the pulp has been damaged, the root must be treated,
- if the tooth decay has not spread under the gum but a large area of the surface of the tooth has been damaged, the structure of the tooth cannot be restored using a cosmetic filling, but an inlay must be used
Three arguments in favour of having a filling:
- we give you anaesthetic so that you will not feel any pain
- we use high- quality materials and we give you a guarantee
- because of the individual choice of colour, the aesthetic result is exceptional
The cosmetic filling is the restoration of the tooth, taking into account the colour of the tooth. It is made from a composite material (a synthetic resin base, which is reinforced with grains of glass and porcelain), which is solidified by certain wavelengths of light.
After it solidifies, it is as hard as enamel and does its job perfectly both functionally and cosmetically.
When the filling is made we remove the old filling as well as the decayed part of the tooth, then we disinfect the cavity that has been formed.
If necessary, we put a basic filling in it, prepare the surface of the enamel, then layer by layer build up the chewing surface and using illumination from an LED lamp we achieve the best quality filling.
The filling is fixed chemically to the tissue. After fissures and grooves have been formed, the filling is polished, followed by the examination of the occlusion (when the upper surfaces of the teeth touch each other)
How can the fillings be made to last longer?
With appropriate oral hygiene, in other words, regular (twice a day), thorough brushing of the teeth and use of dental floss.
Is this treatment pain-free?
Usually it is, since nowadays when there is a risk of pain, we use an anaesthetic, unless the patient does not want it, or the tooth has already received root canal treatment.
Why do I need the basic filling?
It is needed to protect the pulp when there are deep cavities.
What are the different types of filling?
Cosmetic (tooth colour), amalgam (this is no longer used), inlay ( made by a dental technician using an impression).
Which is the best type of filling?
The inlay is the longest-lasting filling.
This is a type of filling, made by the dental technician, using an impression of the cavity, which the dentist takes, which lasts longer because the edge can be much more accurately sealed.
It is very stable, does not break and is as hard as the natural teeth, so it does not wear them out.
It is prepared by a dental technician, so the colour and form can be customized to suit the patient and it does not become discoloured.
How long do the different types of filling last?
This depends to a great extent on the patient’s oral hygiene and the quality of the material in the filling.
As a rule of thumb, we can say that amalgam fillings last 10 years, cosmetic fillings 3-5years and inlays (depending on the material used) 10-25 years.
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