By this we mean the treatment and prevention of irregularities in the position and shape of the teeth (including the FOGMEDERNYÚLVÁNY and the jaw bones).
The aim is to ensure normal development of the teeth or to treat any abnormalities that have been discovered.
Nowadays, orthodontic treatment is carried out mainly for aesthetic reasons, but dental irregularities can also cause tooth decay and periodontal disease.
Crowded teeth are more prone to tooth decay because they are more difficult to clean. Serious malocclusions (improper bites), however, can play an important role in the development of periodontal diseases and jaw bone joint complaints.
Orthodontics for children
It is easier to treat abnormalities in childhood than when the patient is an adult.
Bad childhood habits can have an effect on the development of the teeth, for instance sucking of the fingers can lead to serious malocclusions (improper bites).
To ensure regular teeth therefore, an attempt should be made to prevent the formation of abnormalities in childhood, rather than having to treat them later.
To achieve this, cooperation between parents and child is, of course, essential.
Orthodontic treatment can be started between the ages of 6-8. At this age we mainly use removable appliances, which must be worn 12-16 hours daily. Later, after the permanent teeth have come through, we work with fixed appliances, which require a shorter period of treatment, but demand a high degree of cooperation from the patients with regard to oral hygiene. The treatment with a fixed appliance lasts 1-2 years, after which the removable one must be worn in order to maintain the result achieved.
Before all treatments, in addition to a panoramic and full X-ray an impression must be taken. The dentist will analyze them and then formulate the treatment plan. If the parent and the child agree to this plan, we can fit the brace.
The fixed brace must be checked every month, while this must be done with the removable appliance only every 2-3 months.
Orthodontics for adults
In the past the upper age limit for orthodontic treatment was considered to be 18-20.
However, with advances in dentistry, nowadays this treatment can be used at any age. It is easier to work with adults and they take more care about their oral hygiene.
There are, however, difficulties that must be faced:
the growth of an adult’s jaw bones cannot be modified, so successful treatment may have to include an operation,
the treatment lasts longer because the teeth can only be moved using the smallest force, there are more often side-effects, such as root resorption.
Orthodontic treatment for adults is usually carried out using a fixed appliance, which can be made from various materials to satisfy the patient`s requirements, e.g. metal and cosmetic fixed devices.