What materials do we use for bone grafts?
Synthetic bone replacement (with a calcium phosphate base)
Small amounts of material harvested from the patient’s own bones or if there is considerable bone loss a small block of bone.
The best material for a bone replacement is that from the patient’s own bone, so-called autogenous material, but unfortunately there only a limited supply of this, so we usually have to mix it with other bone replacement material.
In our dental practice, we use the patient’s own bone taken from the following areas: the area where the implant operation is carried out (a small amount), the upper jawbone GUMÓ (a moderate amount), the jaw CSÚCS (moderate-large amount), the FELHÁGO ÁG of the jaw (large quantity).
When do we use bone grafts?
– After a tooth has been extracted to prevent “bone-collapse” or to fill in various defects
– when a rapid implant is carried out after a tooth extraction,
– when fitting an artificial root during the raising of the maxillary sinus,
– when there is insufficient bone size and width before or at the same time as making an implant and/or replacement tooth
How is the bone graft operation carried out?
The bone graft material is mixed with the patient’s own blood and bone material, collected from the area to be operated on, and is put in place and, if necessary, is covered with an absorptive membrane.
This membrane is needed to ensure that the bone graft material fuses smoothly, preventing its premature absorption.
After the operation, it takes 6 months for the implanted bone graft material to fuse with the surrounding bone and it is only then that an implant can be used as a supporting structure.